There are many formulas in geometry, and they can be organized in different ways depending on the context.
Some common geometry formulas include:
 Distance formula: used to find the distance between two points in a plane
 d = √((x2 – x1)^2 + (y2 – y1)^2)
 Pythagorean theorem: used to find the length of the hypotenuse of a right triangle
 c^2 = a^2 + b^2
 Perimeter and area formulas:
 Rectangle: P = 2l + 2w, A = lw
 Square: P = 4s, A = s^2
 Triangle: P = a + b + c, A = (1/2)bh
 Circle: C = 2πr, A = πr^2
 Trapezoid: A = (h/2) (a+b)
 Volume formulas:
 Rectangular prism: V = lwh
 Cube: V = s^3
 Sphere: V = (4/3)πr^3
 Cylinder: V = πr^2h
 Cone: V = (1/3)πr^2h
 Trigonometry Formulas :

 sine function: sin(x) = opposite side / hypotenuse
 cosine function: cos(x) = adjacent side / hypotenuse
 tangent function: tan(x) = opposite side / adjacent side
 angle addition formula : sin(x+y) = sinx cosy + cosx siny
 angle subtraction formula: sin(xy) = sinx cosy – cosx siny
 double angle formula: sin 2x = 2sinxcosx, cos 2x = cos^2 x – sin^2 x
*Note: This is not the exhaustive list of all formulas, only some of the most common formulas were mentioned above.
Basics
Geometry is a branch of mathematics that deals with shapes, sizes, and positions of objects in space. The main concepts in geometry include points, lines, angles, circles, triangles, and other shapes. It also involves concepts of measurement, such as length, area, and volume. One of the main goals of geometry is to deduce relationships between figures using logic and reason.
In Euclidean geometry, geometric figures are defined using a set of axioms, and theorems are proven using logical deduction. NonEuclidean geometry, on the other hand, involves the study of geometries in which the parallel postulate does not hold true. Some important branches of it includes Euclidean, Analytic, Transformational, Differential, and projective geometry.
It is used in many fields such as physics, engineering, computer graphics, and architecture. It is also an important component of the mathematics curriculum at many levels, from elementary school through college and university. It’s not just limited to pure mathematics, but also find application in many realworld problems.
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